This study examined how Utah children used emergency medical services (EMS) and related hospital care in 1991-1992. The EMS and hospital records were linked using special software (probabilistic linkage) . The principal findings of the study concerned the care of young children less than 5 years of age. They received fewer procedures prior to being transported to a hospital and required more time at the scene for assessment. Some interventions such as splinting of fractured arms prior to transport to a hospital were related to reduced hospital charges. Ambulance and hospital charges for children were estimated to by $35,000,000 not counting physician charges, prescriptions, and rehabilitation care. A training program in intravenous (IV) line placement for ambulance personnel resulted in a reduction in the amount of time EMS personnel spent at the scene. This study raised several hypotheses which could be the subject of future research.
Intermountain Injury Control Research Center and U.S. Department of Commerce, "1991-1992 & 1996 Utah Usage of EMS Services by Children: Year III Research Report" (1999). All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Paper 484.