Date of Award


Degree Type

Creative Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Family, Consumer, and Human Development


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Social and employment changes have occurred in the United States over the past twenty years that have had a drastic impact on the "traditional" American family. Americans now live in an era of inflation and economic change in which a second family income is often a necessity just to adequate standard of living. Mothers' are no longer waiting until their youngest child enters elementary school to enter or re-enter the labor force. By 1985, 57% of mothers' of children under the age of six were in the labor force, whereas in 1950, only 12% were employed (Department of Labor, 1988).