Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Economics and Finance
The Affordable Care Act is one of the biggest changes in the American healthcare system in the 21st century. One element of the ACA is medicaid expansion, which opened up federal funding for states to cover any individual earning below 138% of the federal poverty line. 21 states expanded medicaid in 2014 while 12 haven’t expanded. This paper utilizes the disparity for a natural experiment to determine the efficacy of the program. Outcome variables of interest include measurements of individual health, health access and utilization, and premature death rates. The results indicate positive, but small improvements due to the policy, with the only statistically significant results being two measurements of individual health.
Norman, Julie, "Medicaid Expansion: Changes in Individual Health Outcomes" (2022). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 1668.
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