Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

First Advisor

Dennis Dolny


Track and field, formally know as athletics, formed part of the first Olympics in 776 BC and was included in the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 (Quercetany, 2000). Ever since the creation of this sport, sport related injury has followed. The inevitability of musculoskeletal injury associated with sports in general is well known amongst its participants, and the people who research it. According to the NCAA Injury Surveillance System, a sixteen year sampling period (1988 through 2004), recorded 182,000 injuries (Hootman, Dick, & Agel, 2007). Despite the risk for injury, people continue to participate in track and field. During that 16 year sampling period, participation has increased among both sexes: (80% increase in females and 20% increase in males) in all NCAA championship sports (Hootman, Dick, & Agel, 2007).


This work made publicly available electronically on September 4, 2012.