Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Doran J. Baker
Doran J. Baker
Stephen A. Whitmore
Attitude control of a prototype satellite bus using fluid mechanical vectoring on an aerospike nozzle is demonstrated. The design achieves thrust vectoring by injecting propellant asymmetrically into the unconstrained aerospike exhaust plume near the nozzle base. The prototype system uses cold-gas thrusters to both spin-up and de-tumble the test article. The system is configured with axially directed annular flows that produce large longitudinal thrusts and smaller secondary lateral-injection flows for side thrusts. Both open and closed-loop attitude control, with and without main aerospike annular flow active, are demonstrated. Proportional, integral, derivative (PID) regulation is used for closed-loop attitude control. When the vectoring ports are operated with no primary plenum flow, very small impulse bits are generated. Based on the results presented in this paper, there exists a significant potential for three-degree of freedom (3-DOF) attitude control without mechanical nozzle gimbals. When extended to 3-DOF, the closed-loop control-law will allow the primary satellite propulsion system to be used for both larger-scale orbit change maneuvers and smaller-scale proximity operation maneuvers with the same system.
Erni, Nathan, "Closed-Loop Attitude Control Using Fluid Dynamic Vectoring on an Aerospike Nozzle" (2011). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 68.
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