Reliability of panoramic ultrasound imaging to simultaneously examine muscle size and quality of the hamstring muscles in young, healthy males and females
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of ultrasound (US) measures of cross-sectional area (CSA), muscle thickness (MT) and echo intensity (EI) of the hamstrings, with comparisons between males and females. In 20 healthy participants (10 males, 10 females), CSA, MT and EI were measured from panoramic US scans of the hamstrings on 2 separate days. The intra-class correlation coefficients and standard errors of measurement as a percentage of the mean for CSA, MT and EI ranged from 0.715 to 0.984 and from 3.145 to 12.541% in the males and from 0.724 to 0.977 and from 4.571 to 17.890% in the females, respectively. The males had greater CSAs and MTs and lower EIs than the females (p = 0.002–0.049), and significant relationships were observed between CSA and MT (r = 0.714-0.938, p ≤ 0.001–0.023). From an overall reliability standpoint, these findings suggest that panoramic US may be a reliable technique for examining muscle size and quality of the hamstrings in both males and females.
Palmer, T.B., Akehi, K., Thiele, R.M., Smith, D.B., and Thompson, B.J. (2015). Reliability of panoramic ultrasound imaging to simultaneously examine muscle size and quality of the hamstring muscles in young, healthy males and females. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 41(3): 675-684. IF = 2.3, % = 63.3 (Med. Imaging).