Influence of hamstrings fatigue on quadriceps data during repeated, maximal isokinetic strength testing
National Strength and Conditioning Association 2014 National Conference
National Strength and Conditioning Association
Las Vegas, NV
Influence of hamstring fatigue on the estimated percentage of fast-twitch muscle fibers for the vastus lateralis. J Strength Cond Res 29(12): 3509–3516, 2015—A previous study has demonstrated the ability to roughly estimate the percentage of fast-twitch muscle fibers for the vastus lateralis through the analysis of peak torque values during fatiguing isokinetic testing. We examined whether use of the hamstrings influenced peak torque and electromyographic (EMG) responses for the quadriceps during fatiguing isokinetic muscle actions. On 2 separate occasions, 21 men (mean age = 23 years) performed 50 repeated, maximal concentric isokinetic muscle actions of the left leg extensors at a velocity of 1808$s21. For 1 trial, the subjects maximally flexed the knee joint after each full extension to bring the dynamometer’s lever arm back to the starting position. For the other trial, the subjects relaxed after each maximal extension and an investigator assisted in returning the lever arm. Surface EMG signals were detected from the vastus lateralis and biceps femoris throughout testing. Dependent variables that assessed the decline in peak torque and EMG mean frequency for the vastus lateralis were examined using dependent samples t-tests, effect size statistics, and the number of subjects who exceeded the minimal difference needed to be considered real. Our results showed small mean differences between the trials (Cohen’s d #0.136). For the estimated percentage of fast-twitch fibers, none of the subjects showed a difference between trials that we considered meaningful. The mean estimated percentages of fast-twitch fibers were 61.6 and 60.1. Collectively, use of the hamstrings during fatiguing isokinetic testing of the quadriceps had little influence on peak torque and EMG.
Carrillo, E.C., Stock, M.S., Mota, J.A., Drusch, A.S., Olinghouse, K.D., and Thompson, B.J. Influence of hamstrings fatigue on quadriceps data during repeated, maximal isokinetic strength testing. Presented at the National Strength and Conditioning Association national conference, Las Vegas, NV. July 10, 2014. J Strength Cond Res, 28 (2 Suppl.)