Influence of Signal Filtering and Sample Rate on Isometric Torque - Time Parameters Using a Traditional Isokinetic Dynamometer

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Journal of Biomechanics




Elsevier Ltd

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Isometric force- or torque-time parameters are commonly reported in the research literature. The processing methods of the electronic dynamometer-derived signal may influence the outcome measures. This study determined the influence of filtering and sample rate (SR) on isometric torque-time parameters and provides specific signal processing recommendations for future studies. Twenty-three subjects performed 49 isometric maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs) of the knee extensors on an isokinetic dynamometer. Outcome measures included peak torque (PT), and rate of torque development at peak (RTDPEAK), 50 (RTD50) and 200 (RTD200) ms for seven filter conditions including low-pass filter cutoffs at 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 150 Hz and a notch filter at 100 and 200 Hz. Comparisons were also made across four SR conditions at 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz. The RTDPEAK variable was markedly changed (−5.4 to −37.9%) for all filter frequencies compared to the 150 Hz condition and the RTD50 variable was altered for all frequencies between 50 and 5 Hz. No differences were found for RTD200. For SR, compared to the 2000 Hz condition, differences were revealed for the 100 Hz condition for the RTDPEAK and RTD50 variables. The filtering or SR did not alter PT across any of the conditions. The filter and SR applied to the signal was capable of distorting the MVC signal and skewing the torque–time parameters, specifically for the early and maximum RTD variables of the MVC curve (RTD50 and RTDPEAK). For traditional isokinetic dynamometers, a low-pass filter cutoff of 150 Hz and a SR of at least 1000 Hz is recommended when assessing early isometric force- or torque-time MVC parameters.

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