Title

Hierarchically hydrogen-bonded graphene/polymer interfaces with drastically enhanced interfacial thermal conductance

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Nanoscale

Volume

11

Issue

8

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

Publication Date

2-11-2019

Award Number

NSF, Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems 1751610

Funder

NSF, Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems

First Page

3656

Last Page

3664

Abstract

Interfacial thermal transport is a critical physical process determining the performance of many material systems with small-scale features. Recently, self-assembled monolayers and polymer brushes have been widely used to engineer material interfaces presenting unprecedented properties. Here, we demonstrate that poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) monolayers with hierarchically arranged hydrogen bonds drastically enhance interfacial thermal conductance by a factor of 6.22 across the interface between graphene and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). The enhancement is tunable by varying the number of grafted chains and the density of hydrogen bonds in the unique hierarchical hydrogen bond network. The extraordinary enhancement results from a synergy of hydrogen bonds and other structural and thermal factors including molecular morphology, chain orientation, interfacial vibrational coupling and heat exchange. Two types of hydrogen bonds, i.e. PVA–PMMA hydrogen bonds and PVA–PVA hydrogen bonds, are analyzed and their effects on various structural and thermal properties are systematically investigated. These results are expected to provide new physical insights for interface engineering to achieve tunable thermal management and energy efficiency in a wide variety of systems involving polymers and biomaterials.

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