Journal of Aircraft
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
An improved method is presented for estimating the subsonic location of the semispan aerodynamic center of a swept wing and the aerodynamic moment components about that aerodynamic center. The method applies to wings with constant linear taper and constant quarter-chord sweep. The results of a computational fluid dynamics study for 236 wings show that the position of the semispan aerodynamic center of a wing depends primarily on aspect ratio, taper ratio, and quarter-chord sweep angle. Wing aspect ratio was varied from 4.0 to 20, taper ratios from 0.25 to 1.0 were investigated quarter-chord sweep angles were varied from 0 to 50 deg. and linear geometric washout was varied from -4.0 to +8.0 deg. All wings and airfoil sections from the NACA 4-digit airfoil sweries with camber varied from 0 to 4% and thickness ranging from 6 to 18%. Within the range of parameters studied, wing camber, thickness and twist were shown to have significant effect on the position of the semispan aerodynamic center. The results of this study provide improved resolution of the semispan aerodynamic center and moment componennts for conceptual designs and analysis.
Phillips, W. F., Hunsaker, D. F., Niewoehner, R. J., “Estimating the Subsonic Aerodynamic Center and Moment Components for Swept Wings,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 1033 – 1043, June 2008.