Document Type

Conference Paper

Journal/Book Title/Conference

45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit


American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics


Reno, NV

Publication Date



A numerical method is presented as a low computational cost approach to modeling an induced propeller flowfield. This method uses blade element theory coupled with momentum equations to predict the axial and tangential velocities within the slipstream of the propeller, without the small angle approximation assumption common to most propeller models. The approach is of significant importance in the design of tail-sitter vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft, where the propeller slipstream is the primary source of air flow past the wings in some flight conditions. The algorithm is presented, the model is characterized, and the results (including the results of coupling the propeller model with a lifting-line aerodynamic model) are compared with published experimental data.