Tethered to Work: A Family Systems Approach Linking Mobile Device Use to Turnover Intentions
Journal of Applied Psychology
American Psychological Association
We examined the use of a mobile device for work during family time (mWork) to determine the role that it plays in employee turnover intentions. Using a sample of 344 job incumbents and their spouses, we propose a family systems model of turnover and examine 2 paths through which we expect mWork to relate to turnover intentions: the job incumbent and the spouse. From the job incumbent, we found that the job incumbent’s mWork associated with greater work-to-family conflict and burnout, and lower organizational commitment. From the spouse, we found that incumbent mWork and greater work-to-family conflict associated with increased resentment by the spouse and lower spousal commitment to the job incumbent’s organization. Both of these paths played a role in predicting job incumbent turnover intentions. We discuss implications and opportunities for future research on mWork for integrating work and family into employee turnover intentions.
Ferguson, M., Carlson, D., Boswell, W., Whitten, D., Butts, M., & Kacmar, M. (2016). “Tethered to work: A family systems approach linking mobile device use to turnover intentions.” Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(4): 520-534.