SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
We present second order, fully discrete, energy stable methods on spatially staggered grids for a hydrodynamic phase field model of binary viscous fluid mixtures in a confined geometry subject to both physical and periodic boundary conditions. We apply the energy quadratization strategy to develop a linear-implicit scheme. We then extend it to a decoupled, linear scheme by introducing an intermediate velocity term so that the phase variable, velocity field, and pressure can be solved sequentially. The two new, fully discrete linear schemes are then shown to be unconditionally energy stable, and the linear systems resulting from the schemes are proved uniquely solvable. Rates of convergence of the two linear schemes in both space and time are verified numerically. The decoupled scheme tends to introduce excessive dissipation compared to the coupled one. The coupled scheme is then used to simulate fluid drops of one fluid in the matrix of another fluid as well as mixing dynamics of binary polymeric, viscous solutions. The numerical results in mixing dynamics reveals the dramatic difference between the morphology in the simulations obtained using the two different boundary conditions (physical vs. periodic), demonstrating the importance of using proper boundary conditions in fluid dynamics simulations.
Gong, Yuezheng; Zhao, Jia; and Wang, Qi, "Second Order Fully Discrete Energy Stable Methods on Staggered Grids for Hydrodynamic Phase Field Models of Binary Viscous Fluids" (2018). Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications. Paper 227.