Scanning Microscopy


This paper describes a three complementary images processing method. The three images are coming from a scanning electron microscope (SEM) during the analysis of a particular stone: the Tuffeau used in most monuments of the Loire valley (France). The goal is to separate two classes of particles (calcareous and siliceous) from the porosity to give more information to experts who evaluate the damage of weathering on monuments. A specific process is developed: a first threshold on the good quality image allows separation of particles from porosity. Then, the complementarity of the three images gives the two other thresholds. Granulometry, percentages of components, and anisotropy of the porosity are precious information that can be derived from the three segmented image.

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