The rabbit esophageal mucosa was irradiated with daily fractions of 2 Gy up to an accumulated dose of 20 Gy (total dose 2, 6, 10. 16 or 20 Gy). Fifteen to forty-five minutes before the start of each irradiation 0.3 mg Cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum (cis-DDP, cisplatinum) was given by intraperitoneal injection to each rabbit. Examinations were carried out 1-10 days after each fractionation schedule, when specimens were taken for morphological investigations.
Scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination showed a gradual development of damage with cell loss and structural disarrangement of the microridges and whorls on the surface. However, with further treatment the esophageal mucosa exposed to cis-DDP and radiation normalized faster and more complete compared to the esophageal part exposed to cis-DDP alone. The difference may depend on an accelerated proliferation in the part of the trachea that is exposed to a combined treatment.
Albertsson, M.; Cwikiel, M.; Håkansson, C. H.; and Palmegren, M.
"Response of the Esophageal Epithelium to Concomitant Cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II) and Radiation Treatment. An Electron Microscopic Study in Rabbits,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 6
, Article 13.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol6/iss4/13