Membrane structures of different types of cells are imaged in the nanometer regime by scanning force microscopy (SFM). The images are compared to those obtained with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SFM imaging can be done on the outer cell membrane under conditions that keep the cells alive in aqueous solutions. This opens up the possibility of observing the kinematics of the structures that determine the interaction of a cell with its environment. Therefore, STM observations, together with information obtained with the electron microscope, open up new ways of studying the development of biological structures. With the currently possible resolution, the SFM gives access to processes such as antibody binding or endo- and exocytosis, including processes correlated to the infection of cells by viruses.
Hörber, J. K. H.; Häberle, W.; Ohnesorge, F.; Binnig, G.; Liebich, H. G.; Czerny, C. P.; Mahnel, H.; and Mayr, A.
"Investigation of Living Cells in the Nanometer Regime with the Scanning Force Microscope,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 6
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol6/iss4/3