Effect of Processing Conditions on the Crystallization behavior and Destabilization Kinetics of Oil-in-Water Emulsions
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
The objective of this research was to systematically study the effect of processing conditions on the crystallization behavior and destabilization mechanisms of oil-in-water emulsions. The effect of crystallization temperature (T c) and homogenization conditions on both thermal behavior and destabilization mechanisms were analyzed. Results show that the crystallization of lipids present in the emulsions was inhibited when compared with bulk lipids as evidenced by a lower onset and peak temperature (T on and Tp, respectively) in differential scanning calorimetry crystallization exotherms. The smaller the droplet size in the emulsion, the more significant the inhibition (lower T on and T p). Lower values of T on and T p were not necessarily indicators of emulsion stability. Homogenization conditions not only affected the T on and T p of crystallization but also the crystallization profile of the samples. Lipids present in emulsions with small droplets were crystallized and melted in a less fractionated manner when compared to lipids in bigger droplets or even to the bulk lipids. The amount of lipid crystallized as evidenced by enthalpy values, did not have a direct relationship with the emulsions stability. Although enthalpy values increased as T c decreased, the destabilization kinetics did not follow the same tendency as evidenced by back scattering measurements.
Martini, S. and Tippetts*, M. 2008. Effect of Processing Conditions on the Crystallization behavior and Destabilization Kinetics of Oil-in-Water Emulsions. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 85:119–128 – doi: 10.1007/s11746-007-1183-9 (Impact Factor: 1.504)