Effect of Cooling Rate on Crystallization Behavior of Milk Fat Fraction/Sunflower Oil Blends
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
The effect of cooling rate (slow: 0.1°C/min; fast: 5.5°C/min) on the crystallization kinetics of blends of a highmelting milk fat fraction and sunflower oil (SFO) was investigated by pulsed NMR and DSC. For slow cooling rate, the majority of crystallization had already occurred by the time the set crystallization temperature had been reached. For fast cooling rate, crystallization started after the samples reached the selected crystallization temperature, and the solid fat content curves were hyperbolic. DSC scans showed that at slow cooling rates, molecular organization took place as the sample was being cooled to crystallization temperature and there was fractionation of solid solutions. For fast cooling rates, more compound crystal formation occurred and no fractionation was observed in many cases. The Avrami kinetic model was used to obtain the parameters k n and n for the samples that were rapidly cooled. The parameter k n decreased as supercooling decreased (higher crystallization temperature) and decreased with increasing SFO content. The Avrami exponent n was less than 1 for high supercoolings and close to 2 for low supercoolings, but was not affected by SFO content.
Martini, S., Herrera, M.L. and Hartel, R.W. 2002. Effect of Cooling Rate on Crystallization Behavior of Milk Fat Fraction/Sunflower Oil Blends. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 79:1055-1062 (Impact Factor: 1.504)