Protein-protein interactions among the components of the biosynthetic machinery responsible for exopolysaccharide production in Streptococcus thermophilus MR-1C
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Aim: This study identified protein–protein interactions among the biosynthetic machinery responsible for exopolysaccharide (EPS) production in Streptococcus thermophilus MR-1C. Methods and Results: Protein–protein interactions were investigated using the yeast two-hybrid system. A strong protein–protein interaction was detected between the transmembrane activation protein Wzd and the protein tyrosine kinase Wze. Weaker protein–protein interactions were detected between two duplicate Wze proteins and between Wze and the phosphotyrosine phosphatase Wzh. Protein–protein interactions involving a Wzd/Wze fusion protein and Wzd and Wze may indicate that these proteins form multi-protein complexes. All combinations of the Wzh, Wzd, Wze, Wzg (regulation), CpsE (glycosyl-1-phosphate transferase), CpsS (polymerization), CpsL (unknown), CpsW (regulation) and CpsU (membrane translocation) were analysed for protein–protein interactions but no additional interactions were discovered using the yeast two-hybrid system. Conclusions: Interactions among the phosphotyrosine phosphatase, tyrosine kinase, and transmembrane activation protein are important in the regulation of capsule biosynthesis in Strep. thermophilus MR-1C. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study provides some valuable insight into the organization and interactions between the many proteins involved in EPS production. A better understanding of this process may facilitate the genetic manipulation of capsule production to impart desirable properties to dairy starter cultures.
Cefalo, A. D., J. R. Broadbent, and D. L. Welker. 2011. Protein-protein interactions among the components of the biosynthetic machinery responsible for exopolysaccharide production in Streptococcus thermophilus MR-1C. J. Appl. Microbiol. 110:801-812.