Title

Cavitation Clusters in Lipid Systems: The Generation of a Bifurcated Streamer and the Dual Collapse of a Bubble Cluster

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Publication Date

10-1-2019

Award Number

USDA, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), 2017-67017-26476

Funder

USDA, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)

First Page

1

Last Page

8

Abstract

Several studies have reported the use of high‐intensity ultrasound (HIU) to induce the crystallization of lipids. The effect that HIU has on lipid crystallization is usually attributed to the generation of cavities but acoustic cavitation has never been fully explored in lipids. The dynamics of a particular cavitation cluster next to a piston like emitter (PLE) in an oil was investigated in this study. The lipid systems, which are important in food processing, are studied with high‐speed camera imaging, laser scattering, and acoustic pressure measurements. A sequence of stable clusters was noted. In addition, a bifurcated streamer was detected, which exists within a sequence of clusters. This is shown to originate from two clusters on the PLE tip oscillating with a 180° phase shift in time with respect to one another. Finally, the collapse phase of the cluster is shown to involve a rapid (~10 μs) two‐stage process. These results show that the dynamics of cluster formation and collapse is driven by HIU power levels and might have implications in lipid sonocrystallization.

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