The ionosphere is a part of the Earth’s atmosphere that stretches from 80 – 600 kilometers. Gases in this area are ionized which creates a range of free electrons that make up the plasma of the ionosphere. A group of these electrons is known as Total Electron Content (TEC), which is responsible for signal delays between satellites in orbit and their GPS receivers on the surface. Using this delay, the TEC in a specific region can be calculated. This helps in GPS error analysis. During the earthquake in Japan on March 11, 2011, there was allegedly a noticeable jump in the TEC over the region where the earthquake originated. This experiment will collect and compile TEC data from various locations to prove that this jump occurred and how useful it might be.
Houston, Aaron, "Large Earthquakes' Effect on the Ionosphere" (2022). Physics Capstone Projects. Paper 100.