Gravity Wave Observations in the Summertime Polar Mesosphere From the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) Experiment on the AIM Spacecraft
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
We present the first results of gravity wave signatures on polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) during the summer of 2007, in the northern hemisphere polar region. The Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) experiment has one of the three instruments on board the NASA Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) spacecraft, which was launched into a sun-synchronous orbit on April 25, 2007. CIPS is a four-camera, wide-field (120°×80°) imager designed to measure PMC morphology and particle properties. One of the objectives of AIM is to investigate gravity wave effects on PMC formation and evolution. CIPS images show distinct wave patterns and structures in PMCs that are similar to ground-based photographs of noctilucent clouds (NLCs). The observed horizontal wavelengths of the waves were found to vary between 15 and 320 km, with smaller-wavelength structures of less than 50 km being the most common. In this paper we present examples of individual quasi-monochromatic wave events observed by CIPS and statistics on the wave patterns observed in the northern hemisphere during the summer months of 2007, together with a map showing the geographic locations of gravity wave events observed from CIPS.
Chandran, A., D. Rusch, S. E. Palo, G. E. Thomas, M. J. Taylor, Gravity wave observation from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) Experiment on the AIM Spacecraft, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.041, 2008.