All Physics Faculty Publications

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Volume

102

Issue

A4

Publisher

American Geophysical Union

Publication Date

1997

First Page

7449

Last Page

7459

DOI

10.1029/96JA03682

Abstract

We conducted a model study of ground magnetic signatures of traveling convection vortices (TCVs) that included both the ionospheric conductivity enhancement associated with the TCVs and the ground induction effect. We found that the localized conductivity enhancement can cause a significant distortion of the TCV current system and lead to a distortion of the ground magnetic disturbance patterns. The patterns of all three magnetic components are asymmetric, mainly in the E-W direction, and the patterns of the Z component show the strongest asymmetry (20–30%). We also found that the effect of induction currents on ground magnetic signatures of the TCVs is insignificant (less than 5%). The results show that because of the presence of localized conductivity enhancements the polarity and speed of the TCVs can significantly influence the distortion features of ground magnetic patterns. The upward and downward current filaments of a TCV with a clockwise leading convection cell can wrap with each other, resulting in a rotation of the whole ground magnetic disturbance pattern. This rotation feature is most significant when the speed of the TCVs is high.

Comments

Originally published by the American Geophysical Union. Publisher's PDF available thorough the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Science.

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