Nanoscale patterning and oxidation of H-passivated Si(100)-2x1 surfaces with an ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscope
Applied Physics Letters
Nanoscale patterning of the hydrogen terminated Si(100)‐2×1 surface has been achieved with an ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscope. Patterning occurs when electrons field emitted from the probe locally desorb hydrogen, converting the surface into clean silicon. Linewidths of 1 nm on a 3 nm pitch are achieved by this technique. Local chemistry is also demonstrated by the selective oxidation of the patterned areas. During oxidation, the linewidth is preserved and the surrounding H‐passivated regions remain unaffected, indicating the potential use of this technique in multistep lithography processes.
J. W. Lyding, T. C. Shen, J. S. Hubacek, J. R. Tucker, and G. C. Abeln "Nanoscale patterning and oxidation of H-passivated Si(100)-2x1 surfaces with an ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2010 (1994).