All Physics Faculty Publications

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Physical Review D

Volume

76

Issue

12

Publisher

American Physical Society

Publication Date

2007

First Page

125012-1

Last Page

125012-8

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevD.76.125012

Abstract

A free quantum field in 1+1 dimensions admits unitary Schrödinger picture dynamics along any foliation of spacetime by Cauchy curves. Kuchař showed that the Schrödinger picture state vectors, viewed as functionals of spacelike embeddings, satisfy a functional Schrödinger equation in which the generators of time evolution are the field energy-momentum densities with a particular normal-ordering and with a (nonunique) c-number contribution. The c-number contribution to the Schrödinger equation, called the “anomaly potential,” is needed to make the equation integrable in light of the Schwinger terms present in the commutators of the normal-ordered energy-momentum densities. Here we give a quantum geometric interpretation of the anomaly potential. In particular, we show the anomaly potential corresponds to the expression in a gauge of the natural connection on the bundle of vacuum states over the space of embeddings of Cauchy curves into the spacetime. The holonomy of this connection is the geometric phase associated with dynamical evolution along a closed path in the space of embeddings generated by the normal-ordered energy-momentum densities. The presence of the anomaly potential in the functional Schrödinger equation provides a dynamical phase which removes this holonomy, so that there is no net phase change for quantum transport around closed loops in the space of embeddings.

Comments

Originally published by the American Physical Society. Publisher's PDF can be accessed through Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology.

http://arxiv.org/abs/0708.3115

Included in

Physics Commons

Share

COinS