Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
American Geophysical Union
The Utah State University (USU) campus (41.7°N, 111.8°W) hosts a unique upper atmospheric observatory that houses both a high-power, large-aperture Rayleigh lidar and a Na lidar. For the first time, we will present 19 nights of coordinated temperature measurements from the two lidars, overlapping in the 80–110 km observational range, over one annual cycle (summer 2014 to summer 2015). This overlap has been achieved through upgrades to the existing USU Rayleigh lidar that increased its observational altitude from 45–95 to 70–115 km and by relocating the Colorado State Na lidar to the USU campus. Previous climatological comparisons between Rayleigh and Na lidar temperatures have suggested that significant temperature differences exist between the two techniques. This new comparison aims to further these previous studies by using simultaneous, common-volume observations. The present comparison showed the best agreement between 85 and 95 km, with a temperature difference, averaged over the whole data set, of about 1.1 ± 0.5 K. Larger differences occurred above and below these altitudes with the Rayleigh temperatures being colder by about 3.5 ± 0.5 K at 82 km and warmer by up to 9.1 ± 3.5 K above 95 km.
Sox, L., Wickwar, V. B., Yuan, T., & Criddle, N. R. (2018). Simultaneous Rayleigh-scatter and sodium resonance lidar temperature comparisons in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123. https://doi.org/ 10.1029/2018JD029438