Low Frequency Gravitational Waves from Binary White Dwarf MACHOs
Astrophysical Journal Letters
The possibility that Galactic halo MACHOs are white dwarfs has recently attracted much attention. Using the known properties of white dwarf binaries in the Galactic disk as a model, we estimate the possible contribution of halo white dwarf binaries to the low-frequency (10-5 Hz < f < 10-1 Hz) gravitational wave background. Assuming the fraction of white dwarfs in binaries is the same in the halo as in the disk, we find the confusion background from halo white dwarf binaries could be 5 times stronger than the expected contribution from Galactic disk binaries, dominating the response of the proposed space-based interferometer LISA. Low-frequency gravitational wave observations will be the key to discovering the nature of the dark MACHO binary population.
Low frequency gravitational waves from binary white dwarf MACHOs. William A. Hiscock, Shane L. Larson, Joshua Routzahn, and Ben Kulick. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 540, L5-L8 (2000)