All Physics Faculty Publications

Title

Onset of Convection for Autocatalytic Reaction Fronts: LaterallyUnbounded Systems

Document Type

Conference Paper

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Bulletin of the American Physical Society

Volume

35

Publication Date

1990

Abstract

Linear hydrodynamics yields the onset of convection for ascending autocatalytic reaction fronts in laterally bounded geometries. The system is studied in the limit of infinite and zero thermal diffusivity. For convection in a vertical slab of thickness a or a long vertical cylinder of radius a, the appropriate dimensionless driving parameter scrS=δga3/νDc involves the fractional density difference δ between the unreacted and reacted fluids, the acceleration of gravity g, the kinematic viscosity ν, and the catalyst molecular diffusivity Dc. Calculated critical values scrSc for onset of convection agree with recent experiments on iodate–arsenous acid systems. We also show that, compared with the unbounded system, the sidewalls tend to suppress convection.

Comments

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 2273

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