Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Responses to insurgency include both a large-scale societal reform directed at improving the lives of civilians and a direct military response with no additional programs to improve civilian welfare. In this paper, we as, what is the optimal combination of aid and military response from the viewpoint of the state? Using a computational model, we evaluate what mix of these two strategies helps the government defeat an insurgency more quickly. Our model yields that aid may boost a military strategy that avoids civilian casualties, but it may not compensate for a military strategy that targets civilians indiscriminately.
Pechenkina, Anna O. and Bennett, D. Scott, "Violent and Non-Violent Strategies of Counterinsurgency" (2017). Political Science Faculty Publications. Paper 20.