Geophysical Research Letters
In January 2016, a robust reversal of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) took place associated with a rapid tropospheric warming in the Arctic region; this was followed by the occurrence of a classic sudden stratospheric warming in March-April. The succession of these two distinct Arctic warming events provides a stimulating opportunity to examine their characteristics in terms of similarities and differences. Historical cases of these two types of Arctic warming were identified and validated based upon tropical linkages with the Madden-Julian Oscillation and El Niño as well as those documented in previous studies. Our results indicate a recent and accelerated increase in the tropospheric warming type versus a flat trend in stratospheric warming type. The relatively shorter duration and rapid transition of tropospheric warming events suggest a link to the documented increase in midlatitude weather extremes during boreal winter. Forced simulations with an atmospheric general circulation model suggest that the reduced Arctic sea ice contributes to the observed increase in the tropospheric warming events and associated impact on the anomalously cold Siberia.
Wang, Shih-Yu (Simon); Lin, Yen-Heng; Lee, Ming-Ying; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Meyer, Jonathan D.D.; and Rasch, Philip J., "Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter" (2017). Plants, Soils, and Climate Faculty Publications. Paper 793.