Defining and Exploiting Hypersensitivity Hotspots to Facilitate Abscisic Acid Agonist Optimization
ACS Chemical Biology
American Chemical Society
Pyrabactin resistance 1 (PYR1) and related abscisic acid (ABA) receptors are new targets for manipulating plant drought tolerance. Here, we identify and use PYR1 hypersensitive mutants to define ligand binding hotspots and show that these can guide improvements in agonist potency. One hotspot residue defined, A160, is part of a pocket that is occupied by ABA’s C6 methyl or by the toluyl methyl of the synthetic agonist quinabactin (QB). A series of QB analogues substituted at the toluyl position were synthesized and provide up to 10-fold gain in activity in vitro. Furthermore, we demonstrate that hypersensitive receptors can be used to improve the sensitivity of a previously described mammalian cell ABA-regulated transcriptional circuit by three orders of magnitude. Collectively, our data show that the systematic mapping of hypersensitivity sites in a ligand-binding pocket can help guide ligand optimization and tune the sensitivity of engineered receptors.
Dezi Elzinga, Erin Sternburg, Davide Sabbadin, Michael Bartsch, Sang-Youl Park, Aditya Vaidya, Assaf Mosquna, Amita Kaundal, Sebastian Wendeborn, Mathilde Lachia, Fedor V Karginov, Sean R Cutler (2019) Defining and exploiting hypersensitivity hotspots to facilitate abscisic acid agonist optimization. ACS chemical biology, 2019