Title of Oral/Poster Presentation

Brain Drain in Iran: Iranian students' reasons for permanent immigration to USA

Presenter Information

Elham HoominfarFollow

Class

Article

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Abstract

Throughout history, migration of people from one place to another has played an important role in human development, and progress is indebted to this population displacement. However, the nature of the immigration has been changed by the current global situation. One of the important problems of developing countries is the increasing migration of skilled laborers and elites to developed countries. This phenomenon is called "brain drain". In fact, brain drain is a process in which human capital and skills are transferred from original societies to destination societies This rising trend of brain drain is considered one of the main obstacles to economic and social development in developing countries (Jennissen, 2002). On the one hand, this phenomenon is a factor of people taking their expertise and leaving the capitals and the communities of their origin. On the other hand, with the departure of educated people, as agents of social change, brain drain has kept the existing conditions in developing countries stagnant at the national and international level. Brain drain is an important social and economic problem and is seen as a major obstacle for sustainable development in Iran. A great many Iranian students immigrate to the United States, every year to continue their education. Due to the social, political and economic circumstances, many never return to live permanently in Iran; it is one of the main obstacles to long-term changes in Iranian society. The main objective of this research is to understanding the reasons that Iranian students have for immigrating to the USA and their plans for the future. The study is interested to discover what the future plans of Iranian students are, and their reasons for staying in the United States if that is their plan. If they are not returning to Iran, they want to keep their connections with Iran or not. And also whether they have any plans for the future in Iran or not.

Start Date

4-9-2015 9:00 AM

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Apr 9th, 9:00 AM

Brain Drain in Iran: Iranian students' reasons for permanent immigration to USA

Throughout history, migration of people from one place to another has played an important role in human development, and progress is indebted to this population displacement. However, the nature of the immigration has been changed by the current global situation. One of the important problems of developing countries is the increasing migration of skilled laborers and elites to developed countries. This phenomenon is called "brain drain". In fact, brain drain is a process in which human capital and skills are transferred from original societies to destination societies This rising trend of brain drain is considered one of the main obstacles to economic and social development in developing countries (Jennissen, 2002). On the one hand, this phenomenon is a factor of people taking their expertise and leaving the capitals and the communities of their origin. On the other hand, with the departure of educated people, as agents of social change, brain drain has kept the existing conditions in developing countries stagnant at the national and international level. Brain drain is an important social and economic problem and is seen as a major obstacle for sustainable development in Iran. A great many Iranian students immigrate to the United States, every year to continue their education. Due to the social, political and economic circumstances, many never return to live permanently in Iran; it is one of the main obstacles to long-term changes in Iranian society. The main objective of this research is to understanding the reasons that Iranian students have for immigrating to the USA and their plans for the future. The study is interested to discover what the future plans of Iranian students are, and their reasons for staying in the United States if that is their plan. If they are not returning to Iran, they want to keep their connections with Iran or not. And also whether they have any plans for the future in Iran or not.