Title of Oral/Poster Presentation

The Mtr4 ratchet helix and arch domain both function to promote RNA unwinding

Presenter Information

Lacy TaylorFollow

Class

Article

Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Faculty Mentor

Sean Johnson

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Abstract

Mtr4 is a conserved Ski2-like RNA helicase and a subunit of the TRAMP complex that activates exosome mediated 3'-5' turnover in nuclear RNA surveillance and processing pathways. Prominent features of the Mtr4 structure include a four domain ring-like helicase core with a large arch domain that spanning over. In domain 4, a "ratchet helix" is positioned to interact with RNA substrates as they move through the helicase. However, the contribution of the ratchet helix in Mtr4 activity is poorly understood. Here we show that strict conservation along the ratchet helix is particularly extensive for Ski2-like RNA helicases compared to related helicases. Mutation of residues along the ratchet helix alters in vitro activity in Mtr4 and TRAMP and causes slow growth phenotypes in vivo. We also identify a residue on the ratchet helix that influences Mtr4 affinity for polyadenylated substrates. Previous work indicated that deletion of the arch domain has minimal effect on Mtr4 unwinding activity. We now show that combining the arch deletion with ratchet helix mutations abolishes helicase activity and produces a lethal in vivo phenotype. These studies demonstrate that the ratchet helix modulates helicase activity and suggest that the arch domain plays a previously unrecognized role in unwinding substrates.

Start Date

4-9-2015 3:00 PM

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Apr 9th, 3:00 PM

The Mtr4 ratchet helix and arch domain both function to promote RNA unwinding

Mtr4 is a conserved Ski2-like RNA helicase and a subunit of the TRAMP complex that activates exosome mediated 3'-5' turnover in nuclear RNA surveillance and processing pathways. Prominent features of the Mtr4 structure include a four domain ring-like helicase core with a large arch domain that spanning over. In domain 4, a "ratchet helix" is positioned to interact with RNA substrates as they move through the helicase. However, the contribution of the ratchet helix in Mtr4 activity is poorly understood. Here we show that strict conservation along the ratchet helix is particularly extensive for Ski2-like RNA helicases compared to related helicases. Mutation of residues along the ratchet helix alters in vitro activity in Mtr4 and TRAMP and causes slow growth phenotypes in vivo. We also identify a residue on the ratchet helix that influences Mtr4 affinity for polyadenylated substrates. Previous work indicated that deletion of the arch domain has minimal effect on Mtr4 unwinding activity. We now show that combining the arch deletion with ratchet helix mutations abolishes helicase activity and produces a lethal in vivo phenotype. These studies demonstrate that the ratchet helix modulates helicase activity and suggest that the arch domain plays a previously unrecognized role in unwinding substrates.