Title of Oral/Poster Presentation

Predictors of Rehabilitation Success: Associations between cognitive ability and improvement in walking distance in a sample of geriatric adults.

Presenter Information

Jacklyn SullivanFollow

Class

Article

Graduation Year

2018

College

Jon M. Huntsman School of Business

Department

Economics and Finance Department

Faculty Mentor

Elisabeth Fauth

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that disability in activities of daily living (ADLs) is an outcome of cognitive impairment, physical limitations, psychosocial factors, and environmental constraints. We hypothesize that cognitive abilities and psychosocial factors measured at admission can be used to predict a patient's physical therapy progression in a transitional care facility. Environmental conditions were held constant for all patients and physical limitations were not used as a predictor of therapy progression, as the test for therapy progression is based on physical ability. In a sample of adults (n=93) aged 38-98 receiving physical rehabilitation treatment, we collected Minimum Data Set (MDS) data, St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) exam scores and 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) scores for each participant from a local transitional care facility. Linear regression models indicated that cognitive ability (SLUMS score B=.420; p B=-.318; p B=-.078; p = n.s.) and number of rehabilitation sessions attended (B=0.159; p = n.s.). Model R-squared = 0.221. Psychosocial factors were not correlated with an improvement in walking distance, but cognitive abilities may be able to be used as a predictor of rehabilitation success.

Location

South Atrium

Start Date

4-13-2017 3:00 PM

End Date

4-13-2017 4:15 PM

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Apr 13th, 3:00 PM Apr 13th, 4:15 PM

Predictors of Rehabilitation Success: Associations between cognitive ability and improvement in walking distance in a sample of geriatric adults.

South Atrium

Previous studies have suggested that disability in activities of daily living (ADLs) is an outcome of cognitive impairment, physical limitations, psychosocial factors, and environmental constraints. We hypothesize that cognitive abilities and psychosocial factors measured at admission can be used to predict a patient's physical therapy progression in a transitional care facility. Environmental conditions were held constant for all patients and physical limitations were not used as a predictor of therapy progression, as the test for therapy progression is based on physical ability. In a sample of adults (n=93) aged 38-98 receiving physical rehabilitation treatment, we collected Minimum Data Set (MDS) data, St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) exam scores and 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) scores for each participant from a local transitional care facility. Linear regression models indicated that cognitive ability (SLUMS score B=.420; p B=-.318; p B=-.078; p = n.s.) and number of rehabilitation sessions attended (B=0.159; p = n.s.). Model R-squared = 0.221. Psychosocial factors were not correlated with an improvement in walking distance, but cognitive abilities may be able to be used as a predictor of rehabilitation success.