Event Title

A Spatially Nested Analysis of Land Use Effects on Nutrient Limitation: C and N Interact to Control Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Responses

Presenter Information

Heather A. Bechtold

Location

ECC 303/305

Event Website

https://water.usu.edu/

Start Date

3-31-2008 3:30 PM

End Date

3-31-2008 3:45 PM

Description

Land-use change can alter the spatial variance of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus (C, N, P) delivery across a watershed and lead to altered nutrient limitation and export patterns. We tested the effects of land-use on C, N, and P limitation in 13 tributary and 3 mainstem locations in the Portneuf River watershed, Idaho using nutrient diffusing substrates. Impacted and nonimpacted sites were paired based on sub-basin size, impact type (minimal, agro-urban), location within the watershed, and discharge. Across all sites, regardless of impact, mean chlorophyll a was significantly stimulated (p < 0.002) by N and N+P addition and suppressed (p< 0.000) by C addition. Ash free dry mass (AFDM) had varying responses to treatment. Chlorophyll a response ratios (treatment/control) were 20% lower for impacted than nonimpacted sites. Autotrophic index (AFDM/chlorophyll a) was significantly lower for N additions and significantly higher for C additions across all sites, suggesting that nutrient additions caused shifts between heterotrophic and autotrophic communities. Our results indicate that autotrophic and heterotrophic biofilm components may respond differently to nutrient additions, perhaps due to respiratory demand or competition for resources. These differences may potentially buffer or accelerate nutrient export depending on nutrient limitation status.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Mar 31st, 3:30 PM Mar 31st, 3:45 PM

A Spatially Nested Analysis of Land Use Effects on Nutrient Limitation: C and N Interact to Control Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Responses

ECC 303/305

Land-use change can alter the spatial variance of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus (C, N, P) delivery across a watershed and lead to altered nutrient limitation and export patterns. We tested the effects of land-use on C, N, and P limitation in 13 tributary and 3 mainstem locations in the Portneuf River watershed, Idaho using nutrient diffusing substrates. Impacted and nonimpacted sites were paired based on sub-basin size, impact type (minimal, agro-urban), location within the watershed, and discharge. Across all sites, regardless of impact, mean chlorophyll a was significantly stimulated (p < 0.002) by N and N+P addition and suppressed (p< 0.000) by C addition. Ash free dry mass (AFDM) had varying responses to treatment. Chlorophyll a response ratios (treatment/control) were 20% lower for impacted than nonimpacted sites. Autotrophic index (AFDM/chlorophyll a) was significantly lower for N additions and significantly higher for C additions across all sites, suggesting that nutrient additions caused shifts between heterotrophic and autotrophic communities. Our results indicate that autotrophic and heterotrophic biofilm components may respond differently to nutrient additions, perhaps due to respiratory demand or competition for resources. These differences may potentially buffer or accelerate nutrient export depending on nutrient limitation status.

https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/runoff/2008/AllAbstracts/27