Education and Treatment of Children
West Virginia University Press
The present case study investigated whether the tub-standing of a typicallydeveloping toddler could be reduced by a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. The results of a brief functional analysis suggested that tub-standing was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Noncontingent reinforcement, consisting of presentation of bath toys on a fixed-time schedule, was effective in reducing the number of tub-stands per session. These results suggest that noncontingent reinforcement can be successfully applied to problem behavior in typically-developing children in naturalistic settings.
Ward, R.D. & Higbee, T.S. (2008). Noncontingent reinforcement as treatment for tub-standing in a toddler. Education and Treatment of Children, 31, 213-222.