Reasons for Job Loss: A Reviewof Employment Termination Studies of Mentally Retarded Workers
Research in Developmental Disabilities
Reviews 13 studies over a 35-yr period that have examined job loss in mentally retarded workers. Reasons for job loss that related to workers' vocational competence were separated from other reasons for job loss (e.g., economic and family factors). Reasons relating to vocational competence were classified into 4 categories: job responsibility, task-production skills, task-related social skills, and personal-social skills. Reasons for job loss among mentally retarded workers were found to be distributed across both social and nonsocial domains, including job responsibility factors (e.g., attendance, punctuality); task-production factors (e.g., inadequate quality, rate of work); task-related social skill deficits (e.g., not following instructions, responding inappropriately to criticism); and personal-social inadequacies (e.g., inappropriate dress, bizarre and aggressive behavior, inadequate or offensive verbal repertoires).
Salzberg, C. L., Lignugaris/Kraft, B., & McCuller, G. L. (1988). Reasons for job loss: A review of employment termination studies of mentally retarded workers. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 9, 153-169.