Debating the Origins of Sociology: Ibn Khaldun as a Founding Father of Sociology
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International Journal of Sociological Research
This paper examines the extent to which Ibn Khaldun can legitimately be considered a founding father of sociology. To pursue this research, Khaldun’s theoretical framework is compared with two Western scholars: Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim. After the introduction, we proceed to present a general overview of Khaldun’s work which includes his understandings of a cyclical pattern of social change, conflict theory, and his typological framework. Khaldun’s theoretical perspective is then compared and contrasted to that of Comte and Durkheim, illustrating their similarities and considering their differences. Finally, we put forth conclusions that consider the extent to which Khaldun can validly be considered a founding father of sociology.
Soyer, M., & Gilbert, P. (2012). Debating the Origins of Sociology: Ibn Khaldun as a Founding Father of Sociology. International Journal of Sociological Research, 54(1-2), 13-30.