Now, slightly more than a hundred years since irrigation was first started in the West, many of the low-lying valley lands produce only poor quality pasture grasses because of waterlogging, salinity, and alkali. Other lands now produce only light crops of wild hay, and still other land areas are almost wholly non-productive because of the concentration of excessive quantities of harmful salts. This waterlogging is largely a result of irrigation on the higher lands, although rain and snow waters aggravate the situation. The water not used by the highland crops seeps into the lower areas, bringing harmful salts to the surface of the soil. This makes crop production difficult both because of lack of soil aeration and because of harmful salts.
Gardner, Willard and Israelsen, Orson W., "Bulletin No. 368 - Drainage of the Cache Valley Lowlands" (1954). UAES Bulletins. Paper 330.