Do We Understand What the Mercury Speciation Instruments Are Actually Measuring? Results of RAMIX
Environmental Science and Technology
American Chemical Society
From August 22 to September 16, 2012, atmospheric mercury (Hg) was measured from a common manifold in the field during the Reno Atmospheric Mercury Intercomparison eXperiment. Data were collected using Tekran systems, laser induced fluorescence, and evolving new methods. The latter included the University of Washington-Detector for Oxidized Mercury, the University of Houston Mercury instrument, and a filter-based system under development by the University of Nevada-Reno. Good transmission of total Hg was found for the manifold. However, despite application of standard protocols and rigorous quality control, systematic differences in operationally defined forms of Hg were measured by the sampling systems. Concentrations of reactive Hg (RM) measured with new methods were at times 2-to-3-fold higher than that measured by Tekran system. The low RM recovery by the latter can be attributed to lack of collection as the system is currently configured. Concentrations measured by all instruments were influenced by their sampling location in-the-manifold and the instrument analytical configuration. On the basis of collective assessment of the data, we hypothesize that reactions forming RM were occurring in the manifold. Results provide a new framework for improved understanding of the atmospheric chemistry of Hg.
Gustin M.S., Huang J., Miller M.B., Peterson C., Jaffe D.A., Ambrose J., Finley B.D., Lyman S.N., Call K., Talbot R., Feddersen D., Mao H., Lindberg S.E., 2013. Do we understand what the mercury speciation instruments are actually measuring? Results of RAMIX. Environmental Science and Technology 47, 7295-7306.