Canadian Columbia Basin Glacier and Snow Research Network
glacier, Canada, Canadian Columbia Basin, climate
The cryosphere - all forms of frozen water on Earth- plays a fundamental role in its climate system. Seasonal snow, mountain glaciers, ice sheets, and sea ice reflect much of the incoming shortwave radiation at high latitudes and in mountainous terrain back to space, helping to regulate the surface temperature of the planet. Accelerating concentrations of greenhouse gases (Solomon et al. 2009) are responsible for late twentieth and early twenty-first century tropospheric warming; this warming in turn drives large-scale changes in the cryosphere, with global implications that include changes in hemispheric circulation (Francis and Vavrus 2012), sea level rise (Gardner et al. 2013) and increased warming through ice-albedo feedbacks.
Menounos, B., Pelto, B.M., Fleming, S.W., Moore, R.D., Weber F., Hutchinson, D.G., Brahney, J. (2020) Glaciers in the Canadian Columbia Basin, Technical Report.