Influence of woody debris on nutrient retention in catastrophically disturbed streams
woody debris, nutrient retention, catastrophically disturbed streams
The role of woody debris in nutrient cycling was investigated in two catastrophically disturbed streams in the Pacific Northwest that had been subjected to large inputs of wood. One study site in each catchment had all woody debris removed (take section), while the debris in the other study site was left intact (leave section). Nitrate, phosphate and chloride (a conservative tracer) were released in each section and nutrient retention was monitored at downstream stations. Phosphate was removed from solution more than nitrate, probably due to the high N : P ratio in the stream water. However, there were no major differences in nutrient retention between the take and leave sections. In contrast, experiments in recirculating chambers showed that woody debris and cobbles exhibited higher nitrate and phosphate uptake per unit surface area than sand/gravel or fine particulate organic matter. The high uptake rates of woody debris and cobbles may be related to their suitability for colonization by heterotrophic microorganisms and algae. Wood may not influence nutrient retention significantly at the reach level because of its low surface area relative to other substrates. However, wood may be very important at small spatial scales because of its high uptake activity.
Aumen, N.G., C.P. Hawkins, and S.V. Gregory. 1990. Influence of woody debris on nutrient retention in catastrophically disturbed streams. Hydrobiologia 190: 183-192