Document Type


Publication Date


First Page


Last Page



The writer and verbalizer can cause major communication issues within a piece of writing. At the writing center, many students don’t mean what they write; they mean what they verbally say. The writer tries to sound smart while the verbalizer tries to make sense. Many times, students will say “But I know what I want to say!” However, they simply cannot write it down. Communication between the writer and the verbalizer fails because of the attempt to sound smart, and the fear of the written word and its permanence. Freshmen struggle in learning an essay format different than what they learned in high school, and this freedom may be intimidating. However, with a writing tutor’s acknowledgment of these issues, stress and fear can be relieved from students. This can be done through making the writer and verbalizer work together by reading the written word aloud, and even further, reminding the student they are not alone in the struggle.