This article provides a brief history of and identifies primary sources on C. E. Kelsey and the Northern California Indian Association, which brought federal support to the nonreservation Indians of northern California in the early 1900s. Kelsey is a frequently mentioned but largely unknown figure in the unique history of Indian-white relations in California. As an officer of the Northern California Indian Association (NCIA) and special agent for the Indian Office he altered the landscape for California Indians. Because there is no corpus of Kelsey's personal papers, NCIA records, or government records, he remains largely unknown, to the point that authors and archivists have sometimes misnamed him.

Author Biography

Larisa K. Miller is an associate archivist at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Before this she was an archivist at the National Archives regional facility in San Bruno, California, where she provided reference service on the records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and responded to many inquiries about C. E. Kelsey. She has a BA in geography and MA in American Studies from the University of Minnesota, and a MLIS from San Jose State University.



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