The feeding ecology of a very small ruminant, the steenbok (Raphicerus campestris)
African Journal of Ecology
Free-living steenbok (Raphicerus campestris, Thunberg, 1811) were studied for one year in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Habitat selection data showed a consistently strong preference for Acacia tortilis savanna throughout the year. Mean home range area was 0.62 km2. Diurnal activity consisted of about 33% foraging, with most of the rest of the day spent ruminating and resting. Nocturnal activity included a larger foraging component, amounting to 57% of a night in the dry season. Virtually all feeding time was spent on dicotyledonous plants (57% forbs, 41% woody plants, 1% creepers, on average over the year). This study confirms that steenbok are purely browsers by preference, and not mixed feeders as has previously been assumed.
du Toit, J.T. 1993. The feeding ecology of a very small ruminant, the steenbok (Raphicerus campestris). African Journal of Ecology, 31:35-48.