Publication No. 21
Jack H. Berryman Institute
High predation rates on ground-nesting birds and their eggs are a serious problem in many parts of North America. The concern is that predation rates have increased as nesting habitat quality and quantity have declined (Cowardin et al. 1985, Wilcove 1985, Sargeant et al. 1993, Greenwood et al. 1995). In North America, the most serious nest predators are habitat and diet generalists which thrive in human-modified environments (Harris and Saunders 1993). Examples include the American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis), and raccoon (Procyon lotor).
Jimenz, J. E., M. R. Conover, and T.A. Messmer. 2001. Exclusionary methods to reduce predation on ground nesting birds and their nests. Jack H. Berryman Institute. Publication No. 21. Utah State University. Logan, UT. USA.