Predictive Modeling of Ecological Patterns Along Llinear-Feature Networks
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Ecological patterns and processes often take place within linear‐feature networks, and this has implications when analysing the spatial configuration of such patterns or processes across a landscape. One such pattern is the use of landscapes by human recreationists: an important variable in animal habitat selection and behaviour. Due to the difficulty in obtaining data, ecologists tend to use coarse metrics such as linear‐feature density, while the extent and timing of human activity are often ignored. Remote detector equipment and its increasing use in ecological studies allow for large volumes of data on human activity to be collected. However, the analysis of these data still can be challenging. Using a combination of generalised linear mixed‐effects models and network‐based ordinary kriging, we developed a method for estimating spatial and temporal variations in motorised and non‐motorised activities across a complex linear‐feature network. Trail cameras were set up between 2012 and 2014 and monitored motorised and non‐motorised activities at 238 different trail sites across a 2824 km2 region of the eastern slopes and foothills of central Alberta's Rocky Mountains. We evaluate the predictive capacity of this approach, demonstrate its application and discuss its merits and limitations. This method offers a straightforward analysis that can be applied to remotely acquired data to give a useful metric for assessing wildlife responses to human activity, and has potential application beyond the highlighted example.
Ladle, A., T. Avgar, M. Wheatley, and M.S. Boyce (2017) Predictive Modeling of Ecological Patterns Along Llinear-Feature Networks. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8: 329-338.