Title

The Gender Similarities Hypothesis

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

American Psychologist

Volume

60

Issue

6

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Publication Date

1-1-2005

Abstract

The differences model, which argues that males and females are vastly different psychologically, dominates the popular media. Here, the author advances a very different view, the gender similarities hypothesis, which holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Results from a review of 46 metaanalyses support the gender similarities hypothesis. Gender differences can vary substantially in magnitude at different ages and depend on the context in which measurement occurs. Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships.

Comments

Originally published by the American Psychological Association. Publisher's PDF available through remote link.

DOI

10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.581