Understanding Gender Differences in Job Dissatisfaction Among Science and Engineering Faculty
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
Begell House, Inc.
Reflecting continuing gender inequality in academia, retention rates among male and female faculty continue to differ, especially within the prestigious fields of science and engineering (Xie & Shauman, 2003). To better understand this differential, this study examines the sources of job dissatisfaction among faculty. Interview data from 42 female and a matched set of 40 male faculty members in science and engineering fields who reported on sources of job dissatisfaction are analyzed. Female faculty members more often report dissatisfaction with colleagues, workload, work/personal life issues and promotion and tenure processes compared to males. Tenured females reported more dissatisfaction with promotion/tenure and evaluation than other faculty, especially tenured males. Implications and recommendations for improving the retention of female faculty in academic science and engineering are discussed.
Callister, R. R., Minnotte, K. L., Sullivan, K. & Clark, H. D. 2009. Understanding Gender Differences in Job Dissatisfaction among Science and Engineering Faculty. Revise and resubmit at Journal of Women and Minorities and Science and Engineering, 15(3): 223-243.