Introduction: Background: The application of municipal wastewater to the land or using the soil mantle as a wastewater treatment system has been practiced for many years. The history of land application dates back to ancient Athens. Sewage farming or the transportation of wastewater to rural areas for irrigation and disposal was practiced in Eurpose as early as 1559. The practice became fairly widespread in England, France, Germany, Poland, Austria, and the United States during the late 1800's [
Reynolds, James H.; Braun, M. O.; Campbell, W. F.; Miller, R. W.; and Anderson, L. R., "Evaluation of the Long Term Effects of Irrigation with Wastewater" (1978). Reports. Paper 137.